Mom’s weight at the start of pregnancy affects baby’s health | Yakima Valley Memorial Hospital

May 1, 2014—Women with a high body mass index (BMI) around the time they get pregnant are at increased risk of losing their baby before or soon after birth, according to a study published in JAMA.

The higher the BMI, the greater the risk, researchers found.

BMI uses height and weight to come up with a measure of body fat.

Past studies have indicated a link between maternal BMI and these events, but not all found a meaningful association.

About the study

Researchers led by Dagfinn Aune, MS, of Imperial College London, reviewed prior studies that examined the connection between a woman’s BMI and the risk of the baby’s death.

Their analysis included 38 studies that, combined, involved approximately 47,000 fetal and infant deaths. Half of the studies came from Europe. Another six each were done in North America and Australia. The rest came from Asia, Latin America and Africa.

Overall, researchers found “moderate to strong” increases in the risk of fetal death (defined as spontaneous death of a fetus during pregnancy or labor), stillbirth (defined generally as death of a fetus after 20 weeks gestation) and infant death as maternal BMI increased. But the actual number of events per 10,000 pregnancies were small.

For example:

  • For women with a BMI of 20, there were 76 fetal deaths for every 10,000 pregnancies. For women with a BMI of 30, there were 102 fetal deaths per 10,000 pregnancies.
  • For women with a BMI of 20, there were 40 stillbirths per 10,000 pregnancies. That rose to 59 stillbirths per 10,000 when the women’s BMI was 30.
  • For women with a BMI of 20, the number of perinatal deaths (defined as stillbirth or death soon after birth) was 66 per 10,000 pregnancies. That rose to 86 perinatal deaths per 10,000 pregnancies for women with a BMI of 30.

Although the link between increasing maternal BMI and fetal and infant death isn’t clear, the researchers offered several theories. For instance, excess weight and obesity are linked with a higher risk of pre-eclampsia (high blood pressure during pregnancy), gestational diabetes, type 2 diabetes and birth defects—all of which are strongly associated with the risk of fetal and infant death.

The take-home message
Women who are or plan to get pregnant should work closely with their doctor to keep their weight in a healthy range.

How much weight should you gain during pregnancy? Find guidelines here.

 

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Risks for SIDS change as babies grow: Are you prepared?

July 24, 2014—If you’re a parent or grandparent, you’ve likely heard of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Safe sleep practices can reduce the risk. And now a study in the journal Pediatrics suggests that the risk factors an infant faces can change over that first year of the child’s life.

Researchers found that most younger infants—those under 4 months old—who died unexpectedly while sleeping had been sharing a bed with an adult or sleeping on one. As infants develop, additional risk factors may increase in significance, the researchers suggested. In particular, after age 4 months, infants may roll over into bedding, stuffed toys or other potentially hazardous things as they sleep—which highlights the importance of removing such objects from a baby’s bed.

About the study

Researchers examined more than 8,000 reports of sleep-related infant deaths. They compared the sleep environments of babies younger than 4 months to those of babies 4 months to 364 days old to see if any risk factors were more prominent at different ages.

Among the findings:

  • Overall, about 69 percent of babies were sleeping with a person or animal when they died. This was more common among younger infants (73.8 percent versus 58.9 percent).
  • Younger babies were also more likely to be sleeping in an adult bed (rather than a crib, bassinet or playpen) or in the arms or on the chest of another person when they died.
  • More older infants had changed position while asleep, and these babies were found lying on their bellies with things like pillows, blankets and stuffed animals. Many of these babies may have rolled into the objects and suffocated, the authors noted.

Read the study abstract here.

The take-home message
Bed sharing is an unsafe sleep practice—particularly for infants younger than 4 months. These babies lack the ability and strength to move away if, for example, someone rolls on them. Your baby might enjoy sleeping close to you, but he or she really should have a separate sleeping area.

Your baby should sleep stomach-side up on a firm crib mattress covered by a fitted sheet. That bed should also be free of all objects, including pillows, fluffy toys and loose blankets. These items might seem comforting, but they clearly can be hazardous for sleepers who roll into them.

In addition to brushing up on sleep safety, keeping a baby really safe also means checking your house for hazards. See this article for tips on how you can do just that.

 

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Join us this Saturday, July 26th, for a family-friendly health fair!

Kohl’s Department Stores, Yakima Valley Memorial Hospital Partner to Keep Kids Safe
Family-friendly Fiesta de Salud Health Fair offers health screenings, fun activities

YAKIMA, Wash. — Five-hundred children will receive bike helmets at the Fiesta de Salud Health Fair Saturday, thanks to the generous support of Kohl’s Department Stores.

The Fiesta de Salud Health Fair is a fun, family-friendly event offering health screenings, health information, a fitness obstacle course and other entertainment for adults and children. Free cholesterol, diabetes, osteoporosis and blood pressure screenings will be available, and bike helmets will be provided to the first 500 children who attend the event. Fiesta de Salud will be held 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. on Saturday, July 26, at the Modern Living Building at Yakima State Fair Park, 1301 S. Fair Ave.

The event is sponsored by Yakima Valley Memorial Hospital, the Yakima Valley Farm Workers Clinic and Fiesta Foods, and is supported in part by Seattle Children’s Hospital, The Memorial Foundation and Kohl’s, which donated $6,900 as part of its Kohl’s Cares® program to provide bike helmets for area children. Each recipient of a helmet will have it properly fitted by experts from Seattle Children’s Hospital.

“Memorial is thrilled to have continued support from Kohl’s for programs that improve the health and wellness of the Yakima community,” said Anne Caffery, Memorial vice president of communications and president of The Memorial Foundation. “Kohl’s has shown its commitment to improving lives in this community with both financial support and volunteer spirit, and we couldn’t be happier to have Kohl’s as a partner.”

In the past three years, Kohl’s has donated more than $21,000 to Yakima Valley Memorial Hospital and The Memorial Foundation. Other Memorial initiatives supported through Kohl’s Cares include Children’s Village, YouthWorks and other child safety programs through community education. Kohl’s also provides books and stuffed toys on a regular basis for the foundation’s Children’s Initiative, and Kohl’s employees are encouraged to volunteer at community events throughout the year.

Kohl’s commitment to Memorial is made possible through the Kohl’s Cares cause merchandise program. Through this initiative, Kohl’s sells $5 books and plush toys, with 100 percent of net profits benefiting children’s health and education programs nationwide, including hospital partnerships like this one. Kohl’s has raised more than $257 million through this merchandise program. In addition to the merchandise program, Kohl’s Cares® features the Kohl’s Cares® Scholarship Program, which last year recognized more than 2,300 young volunteers with more than $400,000 in scholarships and prizes. Through Kohl’s Associates in Action volunteer program, more than 669,000 associates have donated more than 2.2 million hours of their time since 2001, and Kohl’s has donated more than $63 million to youth-focused nonprofit organizations. Kohl’s also offers fundraising gift cards for schools and youth-serving organizations. For more information, visit www.Kohls.com/Cares.

About Yakima Valley Memorial Hospital
Yakima Valley Memorial Hospital is a 226-bed, acute-care, not-for-profit community hospital serving Central Washington’s Yakima Valley. Memorial Family of Services includes primary care practices and specialty care services, including high-quality cardiac care, a continuum of cancer care, hospice care and advanced services for children with special health care needs. Visit Memorial online at yakimamemorial.org or on Facebook (www.facebook.com/yakimavalleymemorialhospital), Twitter (www.twitter.com/Yakima_Memorial) or Pinterest (www.pinterest.com/yvmh).

About Kohl’s
Kohl’s (NYSE: KSS) is a leading specialty department store with 1,160 stores in 49 states. With a commitment to inspiring and empowering families to lead fulfilled lives, the company offers amazing national and exclusive brands, incredible savings and inspiring shopping experiences in-store, online at Kohls.com and via mobile devices. Committed to our communities, Kohl’s has raised more than $257 million for children’s initiatives nationwide through its Kohl’s Cares® cause merchandise program, which operates under Kohl’s Cares, LLC, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Kohl’s Department Stores, Inc. For additional information about Kohl’s philanthropic and environmental initiatives, visit www.Kohls.com/Cares. For a list of store locations and information, or for the added convenience of shopping online, visit www.Kohls.com. Connect with Kohl’s on Facebook (www.facebook.com/Kohls), Twitter (www.twitter.com/Kohls), Google+ (http://plus.google.com/+Kohls), Pinterest (pinterest.com/Kohls) and Instagram (instagram.com/Kohls).

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Swim safely: How to avoid germs in the pool

A swimming pool is the place to be on a hot summer day. But pools can harbor bacteria and other germs that cause recreational water illnesses. The most common is diarrhea from a gastrointestinal illness. You could also get an eye, ear or skin infection.

Chlorine kills germs, but not instantly. In fact, some germs can stay alive for days in chlorinated water. These precautions can help you avoid getting—or spreading—a recreational water illness:

  • Don’t swim in a pool with cloudy water. Also check the sides—tiles shouldn’t be sticky or slippery.
  • Check for odor. There shouldn’t be a strong chemical smell.
  • Avoid swallowing water or even getting it in your mouth.
  • Don’t swim if you have diarrhea.
  • Shower with soap before you swim.
  • Wash your hands after using the toilet or changing a diaper.
  • Take kids to the bathroom often. With babies, check their diapers often.
  • Change diapers away from the poolside.

If you have doubts about pool water, ask the staff how often chlorine and pH levels are checked—twice a day is the minimum. Or buy your own test strips and follow the instructions to check the water yourself.

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

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Your restaurant meal is probably still too salty

July 23, 2014—Easier said than done? It seems that’s the case when it comes to reducing the sodium content in restaurant meals. While many restaurants pledged to cut back on salt in the dishes they served, few have risen to the occasion, a report from the Center for Science in the Public Interest found.

A little salt goes a long way

Excess sodium intake is linked to serious health problems, including the risks of high blood pressure, heart attack and stroke. Yet most Americans consume far more than they should, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture.

In 2009, the center assessed the sodium content of a sampling of menu items from 17 restaurant chains. In 2013, the center again assessed the menu items to see if promises to reduce the sodium content were fulfilled.

They found that while many of the meals did, indeed, have less salt overall, other meals actually had increased levels of sodium. And even among meals with reduced sodium, many still contained more than a day’s worth of it—some even contained two to three days’ worth of sodium.

Read more here.

Sorting out salt

The researchers said that reducing Americans’ sodium intake could slash the incidence of coronary heart disease and save thousands of lives.

Even if restaurants and food manufacturers are slow to take up the cause, you can get proactive.

For starters, eat out less often. And when you do plan to go out, make healthier choices:

  • Research sodium content at popular restaurants before you eat out.
  • Ask for sodium information before you select your meal at the restaurant. That information might not be printed on the menu, but you can ask for a nutritional information brochure to read before you order.
  • When possible, request that your meal be made with less salt or with no added salt.
  • Swap out high-sodium sides such as fries for heart-friendly options like fresh fruit or salad with dressing on the side.

The foods you buy at the store might also have an unhealthy amount of salt. To find out more about how to check your food labels for sodium content, click here.

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7th Annual Fiesta de Salud Health Fair – July 26, 10 a.m. to 2 p.m.

7th  Annual Fiesta de Salud Health Fair – July 26, 10 a.m. to 2 p.m.

The annual Fiesta de Salud Health Fair will be this Saturday, July 26, from 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. at the Modern Living Building at Yakima State Fair Park, 1301 S. Fair Ave. Juanita Silva of Memorial’s Community Health Education and Maria Benavides of Yakima Valley Farm Workers Clinic appeared on KIT 1280 on Tuesday, July 22, to discuss the upcoming event.

What is it?

This is the seventh year for Fiesta de Salud, an annual health and wellness fair presented by Memorial, Yakima Valley Farm Workers Clinic and Fiesta Foods. This event is offered at no charge to attendees.

The purpose of Fiesta de Salud is to promote health services that are available to all in our community and to connect the people to the services.  At Memorial we believe that improving health will transform our community.  And we do this through educational events like Fiesta de Salud.

What’s new this year?

We have a new location this year – the Modern Living Building at Yakima State Fair Park, 1301 S. Fair Ave. There also will be a fitness obstacle course – offered by Rock Solid Fitness – for families to participate in together.

What can people expect?

There will be 35 different community outreach agencies and vendors ranging from health care to education.  It’s the perfect time to get information, ask questions and learn more about the services they offer.

We’ll have live music and fun activities, including the obstacle course, for the kids. Bike helmets also will be provided free of charge to the first 500 kids, thanks to a generous donation from Kohl’s Department Stores. And Seattle Children’s Hospital will be back again this year to ensure those helmets are properly fitted for each child.

Will there be health screenings?

Yes. There will be cholesterol, diabetes, osteoporosis and blood pressure screenings.

New this year: We will have privacy screens so that we can offer privacy during cholesterol, blood pressure and diabetes screenings.

Also, the Farm Workers clinic staff will offer a mobile dental clinic for the kids with the Ronald McDonald mobile unit.

 

How do I sign up?

You don’t need to sign up, and there’s no fee to attend.  Just show up!  Last year, it’s estimated as many as 7,500 people attended.

The event is sponsored by Yakima Valley Memorial Hospital, the Yakima Valley Farm Workers Clinic and Fiesta Foods, and is supported in part by Seattle Children’s Hospital, The Memorial Foundation and Kohl’s.

For more information, call 225-3178.

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Infographic: Sun safety tips

Infographic: Sun safety | Yakima Valley Memorial Hospital

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Wildfires throughout Washington spark water and air quality concerns

For immediate release:                 July 18, 2014                            (14-102)

Contacts:                 Kelly Stowe, Communications Office              360-236-4022
Marqise Allen, Communications Office          360-236-4072

OLYMPIA– Wildfires now cover about 273,000 acres of land in Washington, and state health officials warn of potential health risks from heavy smoke and compromised water systems.
Several areas affected by the wildfires are experiencing electrical outages that may cause water systems to lose pressure and may allow harmful contaminants into water lines.

Residents who have lost water pressure should boil their tap water when service is restored. Guidance for customers of affected water systems can be found online.

In order to kill germs, water should be heated to a brisk boil for one minute and allowed to cool before use. The boil-water advisory remains in effect until tests show the water is again safe to drink. People uncertain as to whether their water is safe to drink should contact their water system.

It’s also important that people in wildfire areas pay close attention to current air quality information, which can be found on the Department of Ecology’s website. Breathing smoke from wildfires can make anyone cough or wheeze, and people who have asthma or another lung disease may experience more severe symptoms. As pollutant particles build up in the respiratory system, they can cause several health problems including burning eyes, runny noses, and illnesses such as bronchitis.

The particles can also aggravate heart conditions and lung diseases like chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, emphysema, and asthma. Children and older adults are also at higher risk for health effects from air pollution. Pregnant women and people with diabetes should also limit their exposure to smoke.

During a smoke-related incident, it’s recommended that you avoid physical activity and stay indoors with windows and doors closed. Turn on your air conditioner and keep the fresh-air intake closed and set the unit to recirculate. Use a high-efficiency particulate air (HEPA) to reduce indoor air pollution if one is available to you. The Washington Tracking Network has more detailed information on air pollution.

When smoke levels are high, even healthy people can have symptoms or health problems. Contact your health care provider when you have specific health concerns and dial 911 for emergency assistance if symptoms are serious.

Leave the area if instructed to do so by emergency personnel. You may consider leaving the area if it’s too warm to be inside without open doors and windows and you don’t have air conditioning.

The Department of Health website (doh.wa.gov) is your source for a healthy dose of information. Also, find us on Facebook and follow us on Twitter.

Courtesy of The WA State Dept of Health

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Classes and Events This Week

Events for July 20 – 26
Mon
Jul 21
9:00 am Weight Management (am)
Memorial Cardiac Rehabilitation and Wellness
Ends @
10:00
Weight Management – Are you struggling to keep your weight under control? If so, you’re not alone. Learn ways to work towards a healthy weight and lead an active life.

Classes are one hour each,…

10:00 am Mom and Baby Group
Memorial’s Community Education Center
Ends @
12:00
Bring your baby (up to 12 months old) and join other moms to discuss
parenting topics, postpartum health and safety and early intervention.
11:30 am Lamplight Bible Study/support group
North Star Lodge
Ends @
1:30
Lamplight Bible Study is designed for cancer patients and their caregivers/family members. You will see how the Bible can help navigate through their cancer journey. Classes held every 1st and 3rd Mon…
3:00 pm Weight Management (pm)
Memorial Cardiac Rehabilitation and Wellness
Ends @
4:00
Weight Management – Are you struggling to keep your weight under control? If so, you’re not alone. Learn ways to work towards a healthy weight and lead an active life.

Classes are one hour each,…

5:30 pm Your Practical Quit-Smoking Plan
North Star Lodge
Ends @
7:30
Creating a quit-smoking plan may improve your chances of stopping for good. Join us for a four part program designed to help you create and execute a practical quit-smoking plan.
Topics include:…
6:00 pm Cancelled: Pre-natal Yoga
Memorial’s Community Education Center
Ends @
7:00
Pre-natal Yoga helps decrease tension, improve flexibility and
strength, prepare for the birthing process, and cultivate a connection
between mother and child. No Yoga experience necessary!  If you…
Healthy Smoothies in a Jar
North Star Lodge
Ends @
7:00
Create quick healthy smoothies to be stored in Mason jars.  Learn the facts about phytochemicals and how adding colorful fruits and veggies to your smoothie can aid in cancer prevention.

Additional…

Tue
Jul 22
8:00 am Diabetes Blood Sugar Screenings
Memorial Diabetes Prevention and Wellness
Ends @
10:00
Diabetes Blood Sugar and Foot Screenings-For most accurate blood sugar screening results, do not eat or drink anything 8-12 hours prior to screening.
Screens are held at the Center for Diabetes…
12:00 pm North Star Knitters
North Star Lodge
Ends @
2:00
Cast on to this active, fun-loving group of knitters (many survivors) and learn to knit, crochet and teach others. All the yarn is provided and the laughs are free. Ask your oncologist or nurse about…
2:00 pm My Health, My Life (Orientation and 6 Classes)
Lakeview
Ends @
4:30
My Health, My Life is designed to help individuals who suffer from chronic illness learn simple techniques on how to live a healthy life
by managing their symptoms. This six-week program will help you…
Wed
Jul 23
9:00 am Affects of Alcohol, Caffeine on the Heart (am)
Memorial Cardiac Rehabilitation and Wellness
Ends @
10:00
Affects of Alcohol & Caffeine on the Heart – Alcohol and caffeine, chances are you consume at least one of the two.  In this class we look at the impact both have on the body and the heart in addition…
3:00 pm Affects of Alcohol, Caffeine on the Heart (pm)
Memorial Cardiac Rehabilitation and Wellness
Ends @
4:00
Affects of Alcohol & Caffeine on the Heart – Alcohol and caffeine, chances are you consume at least one of the two.  In this class we look at the impact both have on the body and the heart in addition…
6:30 pm Baby Basics
Memorial’s Community Education Center
Ends @
9:00
Diapering, bathing, feeding; there’s so much involved with in caring for a newborn! Learn all the infant basics, what you can do to be organized and gain insight into recognizing baby’s “cues.”

Thu
Jul 24
12:00 pm Sound Sleep-Sound Rest -Intro and Full Session
North Star Lodge
Ends @
2:00
A cancer diagnosis can cause anxiety, stress and sometimes
depression for patients and their caregivers. There are natural
ways to combat these side effects and it’s something anyone
can learn.
An…
6:00 pm Tomando Contro de su Salud/My Health, My Life (Orientacion y 6 clases)
Memorial’s Community Education Center
Ends @
8:30
My Health, My Life is designed to help individuals who suffer from chronic illness learn simple techniques on how to live a healthy life
by managing their symptoms. This six-week program will help you…
Fri
Jul 25
2:30 pm Solo para mamografías—rayos X de senos.
‘Ohana Mammography Center
Ends @
4:30
Cuide de lo que verdaderamente es importante – su Salud.

¿No tiene cobertura médica?
‘Ohana tiene información de programas que ayudan a cubrir el costo de este importante examen.
Llame para más…

Walk-in Clinic for Screening Mammograms
‘Ohana Mammography Center
Ends @
5:30
`Ohana, Memorials Mammography center, offers a walk-in clinic for screening mammograms, Fridays, 2:30–5:30 p.m No appointment is necessary and interpreters are available. The name of the doctor receiv…
Sat
Jul 26
9:00 am Eating Healthy on the go (am)
Memorial Cardiac Rehabilitation and Wellness
Ends @
10:00
Eating Healthy on the Go – Food choices away from home are important to your health and weight because many of us are eating more meals away from home. Fortunately, making healthy choices in restauran…
10:00 am Fiesta de Salud-Health Fair
State Fair Park -Modern Living Building
Ends @
2:00
Fiesta de Salud-Health Fair for the Family.  Specific health screenings and activities to be announced.
Young and Pregnant Teen Childbirth Program
Memorial’s Classroom (A, B, or C)
Ends @
3:30
Memorial Hospital’s Young and Pregnant Childbirth Class is specially designed for individuals who are 19 and younger, and their partners (boyfriend, husband, sister, mom or friend), who want informati…
3:00 pm Eating Healthy on the go (pm)
Memorial Cardiac Rehabilitation and Wellness
Ends @
4:00
Eating Healthy on the Go – Food choices away from home are important to your health and weight because many of us are eating more meals away from home. Fortunately, making healthy choices in restauran…

Tip: Click  to add an event to your Yahoo!, Microsoft Outlook, MSN Hotmail, Apple iCal, or Google calendar.

Upcoming Events for July 27 – August 2
Mon Jul 28 10:00 am Mom and Baby Group (Memorial’s Community Education Center)
4:00 pm Diabetes Prevention Program orientation (Memorial’s Community Education Center)
5:30 pm Your Practical Quit-Smoking Plan (North Star Lodge)
6:00 pm Pre-natal Yoga (Memorial’s Community Education Center)
6:30 pm Valley Parents -Sunnyside support group
Tue Jul 29 8:00 am Diabetes Blood Sugar Screenings (Memorial Diabetes Prevention and Wellness)
12:00 pm North Star Knitters (North Star Lodge)
2:00 pm My Health, My Life (Orientation and 6 Classes) (Lakeview)
Wed Jul 30 9:00 am Goal Setting (am) (Memorial Cardiac Rehabilitation and Wellness)
3:00 pm Goal Setting (pm) (Memorial Cardiac Rehabilitation and Wellness)
Thu Jul 31 6:00 pm Tomando Contro de su Salud/My Health, My Life (Orientacion y 6 clases) (Memorial’s Community Education Center)
Family Support Group for Type 1 Diabetes (Children’s Village)
Fri Aug 1 2:30 pm Solo para mamografías—rayos X de senos. (‘Ohana Mammography Center)
Walk-in Clinic for Screening Mammograms (‘Ohana Mammography Center)

View the entire calendar online

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The results are in: Vaccines really are safe for kids

The results are in: Vaccines really are safe for kids | Yakima Valley Memorial Hospital.

July 19, 2014—The idea of dosing a small child with a powerful vaccine can make any parent feel cautious. However, a new review of existing research suggests that when it comes to tots and shots, the benefits far outweigh any risks.

About the study

This isn’t the first time that the safety of vaccines has been studied. In fact, in 2011, the Institute of Medicine conducted research on this topic, and this new study builds on that one.

Requested by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, this review compiled data from 67 separate studies. The new findings will be published in the journal Pediatrics, and the results support the conclusions of the 2011 study. Both found that the risks associated with early-childhood vaccinations are low.

Key points

The review’s lead author, Margaret Maglione, and her team found:

  • No link between autism and the measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccine.
  • No link between childhood leukemia and the diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis (DTaP); polio; MMR; tetanus; influenza; or hepatitis B vaccinations.

Although researchers identified occasional adverse reactions to vaccinations, most were mild, like swelling at the injection site or fever. The researchers did note moderate evidence of:

  • A link between the vaccine for hepatitis A and the skin discoloration purpura in kids aged 7 to 17 years.
  • A link between the rotavirus vaccine and intussusception, a bowel disorder.
  • A link between the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) and febrile seizures, which is augmented when the vaccine is given at the same time as the TIV vaccine (used to prevent influenza).

These rare side effects sound imposing, but the risk is low—especially in comparison to the illnesses these vaccines prevent.

Impact on your family

Understanding the risks and benefits of vaccines isn’t easy, and with so much conflicting information out there, it’s important to keep lines of communication open with your child’s doctor. During your visit, the doctor can address any concerns you might have and help you schedule—and stick with—a vaccination calendar for your family.

Vaccinations are available for:

  • Influenza.
  • Diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis.
  • Rotavirus.
  • Polio.
  • Measles, mumps and rubella.
  • Haemophilus influenzae type b.
  • Chickenpox (varicella).
  • Hepatitis B.
  • Pneumococcal infection.
  • Strains of bacterial meningitis.

When your child receives a vaccine, the immune system gets a boost, as vaccines contain dead or weakened versions of the substances that cause a specific disease. These substances can’t make your child ill, but they can help the immune system to produce antibodies. These antibodies will help your child fend off the disease in the future if he or she is exposed to it. Plus, vaccines help keep everyone safe by wiping out serious diseases.

Your doctor can discuss with you any concerns you have about vaccinating your child. For example, some kids with certain types of cancer or who take drugs that lower their ability to fight infection should avoid certain vaccines. Your doctor can also help if your child does have a reaction to a vaccine.

Work with your physician to protect your loved ones. The health of your family—and your community—depends on up-to-date vaccinations.

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