Cancer and Green Tea

Green Tea and Cancer Prevention

Carli Hill RD, CSO, CD

Tea began as a medicine and grew into a beverage. – Kakuzo Okakura, Book of Tea

As this quote indicates, tea has historically been used both for its health properties and as a beverage. It is actually one of the oldest and most popular beverages in the world, and green tea is the type consumed most frequently in Japan and China.

However, this green tea has gained quite a bit of notice in the United States as well.  One of the reasons for the attention on green tea is its professed health benefits. The benefits of tea are said to come from chemicals in tea called catechins, which are a type of polyphenol. Green tea has the highest amount of catechins which are especially high in antioxidant activity.

In laboratory and animal studies, these polyphenols have shown that they may protect against tumor development and may prevent certain types of cancer such as colon, liver, breast, prostate, lung, skin, and digestive tract. However, when conducting these studies on human subjects, the results have been less certain, with some studies showing no significant benefit. The studies that showed the most promise had subjects consuming the equivalent of 2-4 cups of green tea per day and were mostly smaller studies. However, there are over 20 human studies involving tea polyphenols planned or currently underway, so hopefully we will know more in the next few years.

Despite the inconclusive results, drinking a couple of cups of green tea per day is not likely to harm you, and may even help.  What is your favorite type of green tea?

It is important to note that taking in very high amounts of green tea, usually in supplement form, may interact with certain medications.

Cancer and Dietary Supplements

What You Need to Know Before You Take Dietary Supplements

Carli Hill RD, CSO, CD

We’ve discussed the benefits of whole foods vs. supplements, and we hope you will make the choice to include plenty of whole fruits and vegetables into your diet. However, according to one review, 31% of cancer patients use complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). And, CAM includes dietary supplements. With that in mind, it seems like a good idea to talk a little bit about what to look for if you decide to take dietary supplements.

First off, it’s very important to remember that supplements can interact with medications you may be taking, so always check with your doctor or pharmacist. Learn about the side effects of the supplement. It may be “natural,” but that doesn’t mean it’s safe. Many supplements act similarly to medications in our bodies. In fact, in Europe, many countries require a prescription for herbal supplements.

Next, look for a brand that has been USP or NSF verified. This assures that the supplement has been tested to make sure that what is on the label is actually in the supplement, that there aren’t any hidden ingredients, and that there aren’t unacceptable levels of contaminants.  You can also find reviews of supplements on websites such as ConsumerLab.com or Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database.

Remember to look at the supplement’s label for active ingredients, directions, and expiration dates. Try to avoid mega-doses of supplements. Also, take a look at the claims made about the supplement. Do they come from an unbiased source? Is there any research to support the claim?

Once you have covered all the steps listed above, it boils down to this: Will it harm you? Can you afford it? And, do you believe it will help you?

Cancer Recipes

Revitalize Your Recipes for Better Health

Written by Lena Gill, RD, CSO, CD

 

Many of us have a favorite family recipe or two that we have come to rely on when we need a quick meal for dinner or are craving a certain comfort food.  Since we have been discussing the New American Plate, why not take a look at how your current tried and true recipes fit into this new plan?  Keep in step with the trend toward leaner, lighter foods by learning how to prepare old family favorites in new, more healthful ways.  How do I do this? you might ask…Read on.

Decide on your dietary goal.  Are you trying to cut calories?  Fat is the most concentrated source of calories but sugar (especially in baked goods) can contribute a large amount of calories as well.  Are you trying to cut back on sodium?  Realize that sodium is found in salt, leavening agents (such as baking soda and baking powder) and many condiments such as soy sauce, bouillon, sauces, soups and salad dressings.  Once you have identified your dietary goal and thereby the ingredient(s) in your recipe you want to modify, you can

  • choose to omit it completely,
  • reduce the amount or
  • substitute a more nutritionally acceptable ingredient.

Check out this link for hints for healthy home cooking and specific recommendations for decreasing total fat and calories, saturated fat and cholesterol, sugar, and sodium.  This same page will show you how to increase fiber, too.

Below is a chart that one of our fellow dietitians, Cheryl Kroes, RD, CD, created along with her Grandma’s famous banana bread recipe, which Cheryl modified using the suggestions outlined in the following chart.  This is a recipe that her family makes often but if you have a favorite recipe used only for special occasions and you do not wish to revise it, that’s OK, too.  Keep in mind that moderation in your overall food choices counts, not what’s in one dish.  A single dish that’s high in fat, sugar, or salt may not need revisions—if you don’t eat it often; if the rest of the day’s choices have less fat, sugar or salt; or if you eat just a small amount.

When A Recipe Calls For: Substitute This: Grams Of Fat Saved: Calories Saved:
1 Egg 2 Egg Whites 5 41
1c. Whole Milk 1 c. Skim Milk 8 64
1c. Heavy Cream 1 c. Evaporated Skim Milk 87 621
1c. Sour Cream 1c. Fat-Free Sour Cream 48 347
1c. Mayonnaise 1 c. Fat-Free Mayonnaise 176 1456
1 Square Unsweetened Chocolate 3 Tbsp. Unsweetened Cocoa Powder 12 103
1c. 4% Cottage Cheese 1 c. Non-Fat Cottage Cheese 10 74
A Buttered Pan Non-Stick Cooking Spray 11 98
4 oz. Cheddar Cheese 4 oz. Fat Free Cheddar Cheese 38 293
8 oz. Cream Cheese 8 oz. Fat-Free Cream Cheese 79 588
1c. Vegetable Oil 1 c. Applesauce (or Crushed Pineapple) 216 1800
1c. Vanilla Ice Cream 1 c. Frozen Non-Fat Yogurt 16 210

 

Banana Nut Bread

Original Recipe Modified Recipe
1 ¾ c. All-Purpose Flour 1 ¾  c. All-Purpose Flour
1 ¼ tsp. Baking Powder 1 ¼  tsp. Baking Powder
½ tsp. Baking Soda ½ tsp. Baking Soda
2/3 c. Sugar 2/3 c. Sugar
1/3 c. Shortening 1/3 c. Applesauce
2 Eggs 4 Egg Whites
2 Tbsp. Whole Milk 2 Tbsp. Skim Milk
1 c. Mashed Ripe Bananas 1 c. Mashed Ripe Bananas
¼ c. Chopped Nuts OMIT

 

Stir together flour, baking powder, soda, and ¾ tsp. salt (optional). Set aside. Using an electric mixer, beat sugar and applesauce until light, scraping sides of bowl often. Add egg whites, two at a time, and the milk, beating until smooth after each addition. Turn batter into 8x4x2-inch loaf pan which has been sprayed with non-stick spray. Bake at 350 degrees for 60-65 min. Makes 12 slices. Saves 6 grams of fat, 49 calories per slice!!

 

Do you have a favorite recipe you have modified to better meet the overall goal for better health?  Do you have a family recipe you’d like help with revising?  Feel free to share with us!

 

What is Chemotherapy like?

The Princess and the caregiver

warrenernst | May 5, 2011 at 6:56 pm | Categories: Uncategorized | URL: http://wp.me/p1oDoc-u

When you go into chemo please don’t have in your mind that it will be like the movie “The Bucket List”. You will not react the  same and the conditions are nothing like the movie. Our clinic provided comfortable recliners with TV’s, you are met by volunteers that will provide you with more comforts  than home. They remember your wants and are very quick to make you feel  as normal as possible. The staff that administer the medication are the best, they also quickly learn all your likes and seem to pass the info along. If a reaction accures the whole staff is there in a heartbeat, nurses, doctors, anything and everything to  correct the problem. You are in better than  the good hands.

Yakima Skin Cancer

SKIN CANCER Signs, Symptoms, Causes & Prevention
Tuesday, May 10, 2011
6:30-7:30 PM North Star Lodge Community Room
Presented by Jason Berreman, ARNP, Dermatology

Skin cancer is the most common form of human cancer. It is estimated that over 1 million new cases occur annually. The annual rates of all forms of skin cancer are increasing each year, representing a growing public concern. In the heart of sunny Central Washington, many of our play and work activities are performed out in the elements where the threat of skin cancer is the greatest. Don’t wait for your next annual exam to prevent skin cancer and its deadly effects.

Learn about:

• The early warning signs of skin cancer

• Skin cancer at a glance

• Resources for patients with skin cancer

• Follow-up care for skin cancer survivors

Free
Open to the public
RSVP: 509-574-3441

Yakima Osteoporosis And Menopause

Standing Tall:  Osteoporosis and Menopause

Memorial Education Center, 2506 W. Nob Hill Blvd, Yakima, 98902

FREE– Space is limited!

One in two women over the age of 50 will have an osteoporosis-related fracture in their lifetime.  Experts agree that even if therapy is begun later in life, bone density can be improved. Although there is no cure, osteoporosis can be prevented and treated.  Connie Patterson, MD, will explain the relationship between menopause and bone loss.  She will also discuss the effects of hormones in the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis.

Call 509-577-5015 for information or register here.